Italian Social Republic
After the Grand Fascist Council had put Italian dictator (Duce) Benito Mussolini under arrest, already prepared negotiations started between Allied intelligence and King's representatives. As a result, Kingdom of Italy had proclaimed itself neutral and later openly turned the guns against its former ally, Germany.
Mussolini had been later released from captivity in the hotel near the Gran Sasso peak by the German rescue team lead by famous Otto Skorzeny, and taken to Munich in Germany. There he had been warmly met by Adolf Hitler, and after that the Duce proclaimed by the radio that Italy will never surrender to British and Americans, and instead the country will return to the original ideals of the Fascism as the Italian Social Republic.
|Fascist Italy||Italian Social Republic||Kingdom of Italy|
|1922-1943 →||→ 1945-1946|
At first, four units had been created that later became the backbone of the new Italian army:
- Bersaglieri division "Littorio"
- Grenadiers division "Italia"
- Mountain division "Monterosa"
- Marine division "San Marco"